Association between self-reported disability and population profiles among Bhutanese population

Kinley Dorjee, Mongal Singh Gurung, Serki Wangmo, Jit Bdr. Darnal, Dorji Pelzom


Although numerous initiatives are being undertaken to prevent and address the issues related to disabilities, more than 15% of the global population still live with disabilities. The information on prevalence of self-reported disability (by domains) and their association with population profiles among Bhutanese population is limited. A cross-sectional analytical study was conducted using secondary data collected during National Health Survey 2012 to see the associations between self-reported disability and the potential explanatory factors.

The prevalence of self-reported disability was 5.59% with 2.13% (95% CI: 2.02-2.25%) reporting disabilities in two or more domains and 0.06% reporting disabilities in all six domains. The male (5.89%; aOR: 1.74, 95% CI: 1.59-1.90), no formal schooling (12.06%), unemployed (aOR: 1.78 95% CI: 1.42-2.22), and poorest wealth quintile (7.96%; (aOR: 1.37, 95% CI: 1.16-1.63) were at higher risk of self-reported disability as compared to their counterparts. The prevalence of disabilities increased with age (aOR: 4.51, 95% CI: 3.72-5.45) and higher among rural populations (6.78%; aOR:2.28, 95% CI: 1.93-2.69).

The prevalence rate of self-reported disability was 5.9% and socio-demographic characteristics such as age, sex, wealth quintile, education, residence (rural/urban), region, and occupation were significantly associated with self-reported disability. 


Prevalence; association; self report; people with disability

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ISSN: 2454-6623