membrane separation technology

Chemical engineering of separation membrane, interfacial strategies, and mathematical modeling: a thorough analysis

Rajiv Kumar, Karuna Mahajan, Chinenye Adaobi Igwegbe, Anil K Aggarwal, M A Shah, Sangeetika X


The rapid advancement of membrane science and technology is dependent on significant advancements in the materials used in membrane  design, production, and modification. Membrane separation methods are mostly used in wastewater treatment, water isotope separation, acid concentration, and other applications. The primary goal of this review is to present the current principles and applications of various separation membrane technology, interfacial designs, transport, and separation processes through investigations and significant contributions framed in fields of its application. New nanotechnology-based materials have been used to overcome the constraints of the traditional membrane-separation technique; the most intriguing of efficient materials for the manufacture of nanocomposite membranes are the metal-organic frameworks (MOF)-based membranes. Analysis via mathematical modeling indicates a possibility of further improvement in recently developed smart membranes towards more advanced operations. The review discusses the membrane technology, latest methods, and materials developed along with computational aspects applied towards the concerning fundamental principles and practical applications of separation technology.


Membrane Technology; Interfacial Designs; Chemical Technology; membrane design; porosity;

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